Energy, water and waste
Access to energy and clean water is vital to human well-being, yet rapid urbanisation creates significant challenges for securing reliable access to these critical resources for its residents. Moreover, the urbanisation and associated economic activities generate large amounts of waste and
pollutants, further endangering the access to clean water.
Traditional water treatment technologies are energy intensive, making it hard to achieve a goal of supplying water and energy needs sustainably. Smart cities must offer opportunities to adopt technological solutions across the supply-chain including changing approaches to production/ supply, distribution and demand.